India Sports

kabaddi

Kabaddi is a South Asian team sport. In Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, the word "Kai" means hand and the word "Pidi" means catch, put together the words can be translated into "holding hands".

How kabaddi is played

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Two teams occupy opposite halves of a field and take turns sending a "raider" into the other half in order to win points by tackling members of the opposite team. The raider then attempts to return to his own half holding his breath and chanting "Kabbadi, kabbadi, kabbadi" during the whole raid. kabaddi is the national game of Iran, Pakistan and Bangladesh and the state game of the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh.

Gameplay: In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10m by 13 m (for men) and 8m by 11m (for women). Each team has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20 minute halves and a five minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides.

Teams take turns sending a "raider" to the opposite team half where the goal is to tag or wrestle (confine) members of the opposite team before returning to the home half. Tagged members are "out" and are temporarily sent off the field. Meanwhile defenders must make a chain, by linking hands; if the chain is broken a member of the defending team is sent off. The goal of the defender is to stop the raider from returning to the home side before taking a breath.

Forms of kabaddi

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kabaddi is played in different forms; here are few of the popular forms of kabaddi:

Amar: In this form of kabaddi, whenever any player is touched (out), he does not go out of the court, but stays inside and one point is awarded to the team that touched him. This game is also played on a time basis. The Amar form of kabaddi team consists of 5-6 stops and 4-5 raiders. This form of kabaddi is played in Punjab, Canada, England, New Zealand, U.S.A, and Australia.

Sanjeevni: In this form of the game, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out, one out, one in. The duration, number of players, dimensions of the court etc have been fixed by the kabaddi Federation of India. This from of kabaddi is the closest to the present game. There are nine players on each side. The team that puts out all the players on the opposite side scores four extra points for a "lona". The winning team is the one that scores more points after 40 minutes.

Gaminee: This form of the game involves nine players on each side in a field that has no specific measurement. The characteristic of this form of the game is that when a player is put out he has to remain out until all his team members are out. The team that is successful in putting out all the players of the opponent's side secures a point. After all the players are put out the team is revived and the game continues. This form of kabaddi has no fixed time and the main disadvantage of this form is that a player is unlikely to put in his best since his chances of remaining out of the game are higher.

Key Skills Required for playing kabaddi

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The sport kabaddi calls for a number of skills for successfully playing the sport. Here is a list of some of the skills required:
  • Raids
  • Holding one's breath
  • Dodging
  • Formation
  • Movement of hands and feet
  • Holding
  • Safe Raids
  • Offensive skills
  • Starting a Raid
  • Body position during raid
  • Defensive Skills
  • Taunting
  • Touching with the hands